What is the Distance Between the Ancient Indian Cities of Ayodhya and Mathura

 What is the Distance Between the Ancient Indian Cities of Ayodhya and Mathura

India is blessed with a rich cultural and spiritual heritage dating back thousands of years. Numerous ancient cities scattered across the subcontinent contain historic temples and monuments that attract pilgrims and tourists from around the world. Two such important ancient cities are Ayodhya and Mathura, both located in the northern state of Uttar Pradesh. But just how far apart are these legendary places? Let's measure the Ayodhya to Mathura distance and examine the connections between these two holy cities.

Routes to Ayodhya from mathura
Routes to Ayodhya from mathura 

An Introduction to Ayodhya, the Birthplace of Lord Rama

Ayodhya is an ancient city situated on the banks of the Sarayu River in central Uttar Pradesh. It is believed to be the birthplace of the Hindu deity Lord Rama, a major avatar of Vishnu and the protagonist in the epic Ramayana. 

Ayodhya City View

Some key facts about Ayodhya:

  • Location: Faizabad district, Uttar Pradesh
  •  Famous For: Being the conjectured birthplace of Rama 
  • Historic Significance: Former capital of the Kosala Kingdom; important Hindu pilgrimage center
  • Main Attractions: Rama Janmabhoomi, Hanuman Garhi, Kanak Bhawan Temple
  • Population: Approximately 55,183 people (2011 census)

Ayodhya holds immense religious significance for Hindus as the mythical birthplace of Rama, the model king. It is replete with temples honoring Rama and related figures from the Ramayana epic. Major holy sites include the controversial Babri Mosque demolition site said to be Rama's birthplace and Janmabhoomi temple.


 An Introduction to Mathura, Birthplace of Lord Krishna

Mathura is a historic city located in the western part of Uttar Pradesh, about 90 miles southeast of Delhi. It is considered the birthplace of the revered Hindu deity Lord Krishna.


Some key facts about Mathura:

  •  Location: Mathura district, Uttar Pradesh 
  •  Famous For: Being the birthplace of Krishna; numerous temples and pilgrimage sites
  • Historic Significance: Important political and economic center in ancient India; capital of the Surasena Kingdom
  • Main Attractions: Krishna Janmabhoomi, Dwarkadhish Temple, Vishram Ghat
  • Population: Approximately 515,398 people (2011 census)  

As the fabled location where Krishna was born and spent his youth, Mathura is regarded as a holy city for Vaishnavism and Krishna devotees. It contains over 5,000 temple complexes and pilgrimage sites associated with Krishna and Radha, including the famous Banke Bihari Temple. The city sees millions of Hindu pilgrims annually.

Evaluating the Distance Between Ayodhya and Mathura 

Now that we know more about Ayodhya and Mathura, how can we calculate the distance and travel time between them? Here are the steps:

  1. Identify the geographic coordinates of Ayodhya (26.779°N, 82.199°E) and Mathura (27.502°N, 77.671°E).
  2. Use an online distance calculator to find the distance between the sets of coordinates.
  3.  The straight-line distance between Ayodhya and Mathura is approximately "301 miles or 484 km."However, the driving distance along roads is a bit longer at around "350 miles or 563 km."
  4.  We can also estimate a rough travel time. By car, the Ayodhya to Mathura trip takes about "7-8 hours" covering 350 miles. 
  5.  The train journey takes 5-6 hours to traverse the distance, with departures from Ayodhya Junction (AYJ) and arrivals at Mathura Junction (MTJ).

So while Ayodhya and Mathura are both located in Uttar Pradesh, they are separated by about 300 air miles distance. Road and rail connections make travel between the two cities very feasible as part of spiritual pilgrimage circuits.

 Tracking the Historical and Spiritual Connection

Ayodhya and Mathura have been closely interlinked throughout history, despite being located hundreds of miles apart geographically. 

As two of Hinduism's seven sacred cities, they both hold deep spiritual significance related to the avatars Rama and Krishna and events from the ancient Hindu Epics and Puranas.

Historically, Ayodhya and Mathura were both capitals of powerful kingdoms that dominated the northern Indian landscape millennia ago.

Mathura served as the capital of the Surasena Kingdom, where Krishna was said to be born and later deposed his uncle King Kamsa.

While possessing distinct identities, the two cities were also politically and culturally connected during various eras of ancient Indian history. Ancient texts and inscriptions attest to contact between the ruling dynasties of Ayodhya and Mathura.

Additionally, during the spread of Buddhism in the 5th century BCE, Ayodhya and Mathura both emerged as early centers of Buddhist activity and pilgrimage under the influence of Kushan rulers.

So despite the 300 mile gap, the two cities share deep intertwined histories and remain forever spiritually linked for Hindu devotees as the twin birthplaces of Rama and Krishna.

 The best Attractions and Sites to Visit in Ayodhya and Mathura

For tourists and pilgrims, Ayodhya and Mathura offer a range of awe-inspiring temples and heritage sites to experience first-hand:

Important landscapes in Ayodhya

  •  Ram Janmabhoomi: Marks Rama's mythical birthplace, site of Babri Mosque demolition
  • Hanuman Garhi: Major Hanuman temple situated on a hilltop with stunning views
  •  Kanak Bhawan: Famed Rama temple with beautiful carvings and artwork
  • Treta Ram Mandir: Ancient temple housing Rama's footprints from the Treta Yuga era 
  • Nageshwarnath Temple: Revered Shiva temple mentioned in the Ramayana

Main Attractions in Mathura

  • Krishna Janmabhoomi: Traditional birthplace of Lord Krishna and site of the Kesava Deo Temple
  • Dwarkadhish Temple: Famous Krishna temple with intricate carvings and shrines
  • Banke Bihari Temple: Magnificent Krishna temple built in 1864
  • Vishram Ghat: Sacred ghat on the Yamuna River where Krishna is said to have rested after killing Kamsa
  • Jama Masjid: Splendid 17th century mosque built under the rule of Emperor Aurangzeb

With their sheer wealth of historic and religious sites, Ayodhya and Mathura offer plenty for visitors aiming to immerse themselves in India's rich cultural legacy. The distance between them makes it easy to incorporate both cities into a broader North India pilgrimage circuit.

 Traveling from Ayodhya to Mathura by Road, Rail, or Air

The 300 mile distance between Ayodhya and Mathura paves the way for a great overland road trip or train journey combining both spiritual sites. Here are some options for traveling between the two holy cities:

  •  By Road- Take NH28 and NH19 driving southbound for 350 miles through Uttar Pradesh's towns and villages. Allow 7-8 hours for the scenic road trip.

  • By Train - Catch a train from Ayodhya Junction to Mathura Junction. The journey takes roughly 5-6 hours to cover 300 miles on rail.

  • By Air - Take a flight to Lucknow or another nearby airport, then continue to Mathura by taxi or private transportation in under 3 hours.

So despite the separation, visiting both Ayodhya and Mathura is quite easy thanks to India's extensive transportation infrastructure. Even destinations hundreds of miles apart can be easily combined for travelers wishing to maximize their experience.

Overview of Key Points

 Ayodhya and Mathura are located about 300 miles apart in northern India's state of Uttar Pradesh

 Both are ancient holy cities deeply revered in Hinduism as the birthplaces of Rama and Krishna 

 Historically, Ayodhya and Mathura were capitals of powerful kingdoms and early sites of Buddhist pilgrimage

 Despite the distance, they share cultural and spiritual connections spanning back thousands of years

Modern transportation makes visiting Ayodhya and Mathura together feasible as part of a broad North India pilgrimage circuit

A road trip or train journey between the two cities covers about 300 miles and takes 5-8 hours
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 The Legacy of Rama and Krishna Unites Ayodhya and Mathura

Though separated by 300 miles, Ayodhya and Mathura are eternally bonded by their sacred connection to the Hindu deities Rama and Krishna. 

As the embodiment of dharma and ideal kingship, Lord Rama's reign in Ayodhya represents the pinnacle of morality and righteousness for Hindus. His epic story as told in the Ramayana continues to inspire faith and devotion across India and Southeast Asia.

Meanwhile, Lord Krishna's childhood in Mathura signifies the power of divine love, playfulness, and connection with the common man. Tales of Krishna's exploits with the gopis and his triumph over evil kings remain influential cultural touchstones.

Both Rama and Krishna are central figures worshipped widely across the spectrum of Hinduism. Their early years spent in Ayodhya and Mathura immortalized both cities as holy grounds that draw pilgrims from far and wide.

While each city has its unique aura, together Ayodhya and Mathura encompass the full divine legacy of two of Hinduism's most beloved deities. Visiting their dual birthplaces grants pilgrims a profound immersion into some of India's most sacred geography.

Lord Rama in ayodhya

 Planning a Pilgrimage Trip to Ayodhya and Mathura

For spiritually inclined travelers, visiting Ayodhya and Mathura offers the chance to walk in the footsteps of gods. Here is how to plan the ideal pilgrimage combining both holy sites:

  • Travel during cooler months between November to February to avoid scorching heat

  • Take 5-7 days minimum to fully experience the history and spirituality 

  •  Hire a guide in each city for insight into meanings behind temples

  •  Begin early morning for city tours to beat crowds and heat  

  • Allot extra time for major sites like Janmabhoomi and Dwarkadhish 

  • Check dates for important festivals that may draw huge pilgrim crowds

  • Book lodging around the main temple areas for maximum convenience

  •  Travel by road or rail during the day to soak in views of rural India

  •  Prepare physical stamina for long days sightseeing on foot

A journey of this significance deserves careful advance planning. But the rewards of witnessing Ayodhya and Mathura's sacred legacy first-hand are boundless for Hindu pilgrims.

The Enduring Cultural Legacy of the Ramayana and Mahabharata 

The stories, morals, and characters of ancient Hindu texts like the Ramayana and Mahabharata originated in holy cities like Ayodhya and Mathura. 

Lord Rama and his righteous rule over Ayodhya represent key principles of loyalty, justice, and ethical kingship as conveyed through the Ramayana epic. 

Meanwhile, tales of Krishna's childhood exploits in Mathura epitomize concepts like play, love, and the victory of good over evil from the Mahabharata. 

Over centuries, these timeless Hindu narratives have spread far beyond Indian borders to infuse cultural values across Southeast Asia. Through dance, theater, art, and storytelling, Rama, Krishna, and other figures continue to shape the cultural fabric of diverse societies.

Places like Ayodhya and Mathura where the tales originated remain powerful wellsprings nourishing and anchoring these living traditions. That spiritual heritage persists as an unbreakable thread linking holy sites divided by geography but united by faith.

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